Association between mortality risk and the number, location, and sequence of subsequent fractures in the elderly.
Osteoporos Int. 2020 Aug 20;: Authors: Lee SB, Park Y, Kim DW, Kwon JW, Ha JW, Yang JH, Lee BH, Suk KS, Moon SH, Kim HS, Lee HM
INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether subsequent fractures or a certain location and sequence of subsequent fractures are associated with mortality risk in the elderly. We aimed to investigate the relationship between subsequent fractures and mortality risk. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance Research Database, we analyzed the cohort data of 24,756 patients aged > 60 years who sustained fractures between 2002 and 2013. Cox regression was used to assess the mortality risk associated with the number, locations, and sequences of subsequent fractures. RESULTS: Mortality hazard ratios (HRs) for women and men were shown to be associated with the number of subsequent fractures (one, 1.63 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.48-1.80) and 1.42 (95% CI, 1.28-1.58); two, 1.75 (95% CI, 1.47-2.08) and 2.03 (95% CI, 1.69-2.43); three or more, 2.46(95% CI, 1.92-3.15) and 1.92 (95% CI, 1.34-2.74), respectively). For women, the mortality risk was high when hip (HR, 2.49; 95% CI, 1.80-3.44) or vertebral (HR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.03-1.90) fracture occurred as a second fracture. Compared with a single hip fracture, there was a high mortality risk in the group with hip fracture after the first vertebral fracture (HR, 2.90; 95% CI, 1.86-4.54), followed by vertebral fracture after the first hip fracture (HR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.12-3.22). CONCLUSION: The mortality risk showed a positive correlation as the number of subsequent fractures increased. Hip fracture showed the greatest association with mortality risk, followed by vertebral fracture. For the combination of hip and vertebral fracture, a hip fracture after a vertebral fracture showed the highest mortality risk. PMID: 32820370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]