Comparative Effect of Zoledronate at 6 Versus 18 Months Following Denosumab Discontinuation.
Calcif Tissue Int. 2021 Jan 02;: Authors: Anastasilakis AD, Polyzos SA, Yavropoulou MP, Appelman-Dijkstra NM, Ntenti C, Mandanas S, Papatheodorou A, Makras P
Discontinuation of denosumab treatment is associated with rapid bone loss that could be prevented in many patients by zoledronate (ZOL) infusion given 6 months after the last denosumab injection. The effects, however, of zoledronate administration at a later time point are unknown. We aimed to compare the 1-year effect of ZOL infusion given 6 versus 18 months following the last Dmab injection. In this extension of a previously reported 2-year randomized clinical trial, we included initially treatment-naive postmenopausal women, who became osteopenic after approximately 2.5 years of denosumab therapy, and were subjected to a single ZOL infusion at 6 months (early-ZOL, n = 27) versus 18 months (late-ZOL, n = 15) after the last Dmab injection. Annual changes in lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) bone mineral density (BMD), and markers of bone turnover (P1NP, CTx) at 6 and 12 months following ZOL infusion were assessed. LS BMD was maintained in both early-ZOL (+ 1.7%) and late-ZOL (+ 1.8%) infusion with no difference between groups (p = 0.949). FN BMD was maintained in early-ZOL (+ 0.1%) and increased in late-ZOL (+ 3.4%) infusion with no difference between groups (p = 0.182). Compared to 6 months after last Dmab injection, the overall LS BMD change of the late-ZOL group (- 3.5%) was significantly different (p = 0.007) from that of the early-ZOL group (+ 1.7%). P1NP and CTx gradually increased in the early-ZOL group, while profoundly decreased and remained suppressed in the late-ZOL infusion. A ZOL infusion 18 months following the last Dmab injection is still useful in terms of BMD maintenance and BTM suppression. However, there is no clear clinical benefit compared to the early infusion, while any theoretical advantage is counterbalanced from the expected bone loss, especially at the LS, and the risk of rebound-associated fractures.Trial Registration: NCT02499237; July 16, 2015. PMID: 33386953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]