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Diagnosis of vertebral deformities on chest CT and DXA compared to routine lateral thoracic spine X-ray.

Osteoporos Int. 2018 Feb 12;: Authors: van Dort MJ, Romme EAPM, Smeenk FWJM, Geusens PPPM, Wouters EFM, van den Bergh JP  

INTRODUCTION: X-ray and CT are frequently used for pulmonary evaluation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and also enable to diagnose vertebral deformities together with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) imaging. The aim of this research was to study the level of agreement of these imaging modalities for diagnosis of vertebral deformities from T4 to L1. METHODS: Eighty-seven subjects (mean age of 65; 50 males; 57 COPD patients) who had X-ray, chest CT (CCT) and DXA were included. Evaluable vertebrae were scored twice using SpineAnalyzer™ software. ICCs and kappas were calculated to examine intra-observer variability. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) were calculated to compare vertebral deformities diagnosed on the different imaging modalities. RESULTS: ICCs for height measurements were excellent (> 0.94). Kappas were good to excellent (0.64-0.77). At vertebral level, the AUROC was 0.85 for CCT vs. X-ray, 0.74 for DXA vs. X-ray and 0.77 for DXA vs. CCT. Sensitivity (51%-73%) and PPV (57%-70%) were fair to good; specificity and NPV were excellent (≥ 96%). At subject level, the AUROC values were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Reproducibility of height measurements of vertebrae is excellent with all three imaging modalities. On subject level, diagnostic performance of CT (PPV 79-82%; NPV 90-93%), and to a slightly lesser extend of DXA (PPV 73-77%; NPV 80-89%), indicates that these imaging techniques could be used for opportunistic screening of vertebral deformities in COPD patients. PMID: 29435620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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