Economic Burden of Osteoporosis-Related Fractures in the US Medicare Population.
Ann Pharmacother. 2020 Nov 04;:1060028020970518 Authors: Williams SA, Daigle SG, Weiss R, Wang Y, Arora T, Curtis JR
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis-related fractures are an important public health burden. OBJECTIVE: To examine health care costs in Medicare patients with an osteoporosis-related fracture. METHODS: Medicare fee-for-service members with an osteoporosis-related fracture between January 1, 2010, to September 30, 2014 were included. A nonfracture comparator group was selected by propensity score matching. Generalized linear models using a gamma distribution were used to compare costs between fracture and nonfracture cohorts. RESULTS: A total of 885 676 Medicare beneficiaries had fracture(s) and met inclusion criteria. Average age was 80.5 (±8.4) years; 91% were White, and 94% female. Mean all-cause costs were greater in the fracture vs nonfracture cohort ($47 163.25 vs $16 034.61) overall and for men ($52 273.79 vs $17 352.68). The highest mean costs were for skilled nursing facility ($29 216), inpatient costs ($24 190.19), and hospice care ($20 996.83). The highest incremental costs versus the nonfracture cohort were for hip ($71 057.83 vs $16 807.74), spine ($37 543.87 vs $16 860.49), and radius/ulna ($24 505.27 vs $14 673.86). Total medical and pharmacy costs for patients who experienced a second fracture were higher compared with those who did not ($78 137.59 vs $44 467.47). Proportionally more patients in the fracture versus nonfracture cohort died (18% vs 9.3%), with higher death rates among men (20% vs 11%). CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: The current findings suggest a significant economic burden associated with fractures. Early identification and treatment of patients at high risk for fractures is of paramount importance for secondary prevention and reduced mortality. PMID: 33148010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]