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Effects of a 3-month weight-bearing and resistance exercise training on circulating osteogenic cells and bone formation markers in postmenopausal women with low bone mass.

Osteoporos Int. 2019 Feb 26;: Authors: Pasqualini L, Ministrini S, Lombardini R, Bagaglia F, Paltriccia R, Pippi R, Collebrusco L, Reginato E, Sbroma Tomaro E, Marini E, D'Abbondanza M, Scarponi AM, De Feo P, Pirro M

INTRODUCTION: The aim of our research was to explore if a weight-bearing and resistance exercise program could positively affect circulating osteogenic cells (OCs), markers of bone formation and quality of life (QoL) in osteopenic postmenopausal women. METHODS: We recruited 33 postmenopausal women with a T-score at lumbar spine or femoral neck between - 1 and - 2.5 SD. Anthropometric and fitness parameters, bone-remodeling markers, OCs, and QoL were evaluated at the time of enrolment, after 1-month run-in period, and after 3 months of weight-bearing and resistance exercise. RESULTS: After 3 months of training, the pro-collagen type 1 N-terminal peptide (P1NP) and the number of OCs were significantly increased, with no significant increase of the type 1 collagen cross-linked C-telopeptide (sCTX). We also observed a significant increase in body height, one-repetition maximum (1RM) on the pull-down lat machine and leg press, and mean VO2max. The increase of immature circulating OCs was significantly correlated with the improvement of 1RM both of the upper and lower limbs. Moreover, QoL was significantly improved with regard to pain, physical function, mental function, and general QoL. The improvement in QoL, namely in the overall score and in the pain score, was significantly correlated with the increase in height. CONCLUSIONS: The exercise program we trialed is able to increase the markers of bone formation and the commitment of immature OCs with no significant increase in the markers of bone resorption. Our results confirm that combined weight-bearing and resistance physical activity is an effective tool to improve QoL of postmenopausal women with low bone mass. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03195517. PMID: 30809725 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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