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Efficacy of romosozumab in patients with osteoporosis on maintenance hemodialysis in Japan; an observational study

J Bone Miner Metab. 2021 Jul 29. doi: 10.1007/s00774-021-01253-y.

Introduction: Romosozumab reportedly increases bone mineral density (BMD) potently but might adversely affect cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated the efficacy of romosozumab in osteoporotic HD patients with a high risk of fracture.

Materials and methods: This was a single-center 1-year study in Japanese HD patients. Among 96 HD romosozumab-treated HD patients with high risk of fracture, 76 HD patients completed 1 year of subcutaneous administration of romosozumab (210 mg/4 weeks) for 1 year. Romosozumab-untreated HD patients (n = 55) were also included. Changes in BMD and serum markers, together with fracture occurrence, and CVD events, were monitored.

Results: During romosozumab treatment of 76 HD patients, BMD time-dependently increased significantly by 15.3% ± 12.9% at the lumbar spine (L1-4), and 7.2% ± 8.3% at the femoral neck at 1 year. Serum BAP and total P1NP increased significantly and serum TRACP-5b decreased at 4 weeks. Fragility fractures occurred in three (3.8%) patients. Hypocalcemia occurred at 4-48 weeks despite the increased dosing of active vitamin-D derivatives, but without any symptom. New CVD events occurred in 5.2% of romosozumab-treated HD patients and10.9% in romosozumab-untreated HD patients.

Conclusions: BMD was increased significantly during romosozumab treatment at the lumbar spine, and the femoral neck, respectively, at 1 year in HD patients. Hypocalcemia occurred but without any intolerable event. There was no apparent increase in CVD events during 1 year of study, suggesting romosozumab as a promising agent for HD patients with severe osteoporosis.

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