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Impaired residual renal function predicts denosumab-induced serum calcium decrement as well as increment of bone mineral density in non-severe renal insufficiency.

Osteoporos Int. 2018 Sep 05;: Authors: Miyaoka D, Imanishi Y, Ohara M, Hayashi N, Nagata Y, Yamada S, Mori K, Emoto M, Inaba M

INTRODUCTION: Although denosumab-induced hypocalcemia has been frequently observed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 4-5D being treated with denosumab for osteoporosis, few studies have assessed the risk factors for serum-corrected calcium (cCa) reductions in patients with non-severe renal insufficiency. This study assessed the risk factors for reduced cCa concentration following denosumab administration and analyzed factors predictive of changes in bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS: Seventy-seven osteoporotic patients, not including those with CKD stages 4-5D, were treated with 60 mg denosumab once every 6 months. Biochemical parameters and BMD were analyzed from prior to the initial dose until 1 month after the second dose. RESULTS: Following the first administration of denosumab, cCa levels decreased, reaching a minimum on day 7. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that baseline cCa, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b), and bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) or pretreatment with antiresorptive agents were significant factors independently associated with the absolute reduction in cCa from baseline to day 7 (ΔcCa0-7 days). ΔcCa0-7 days after the second dose of denosumab was significantly lower than that after the first dose. After 6 months of denosumab treatment, both LS-BMD and FN-BMD significantly increased from baseline. LS-BMD and FN-BMD correlated significantly with baseline TRACP-5b or BAP and eGFR, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both low eGFR and high bone turnover were independent risk factors for denosumab-induced cCa decrement, and for increases in BMD. Pretreatment with antiresorptive agents may reduce the risk of hypocalcemia. PMID: 30187112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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