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Incidence of distal radius fracture in a general population in southern Sweden in 2016 compared with 2001.

Osteoporos Int. 2020 Jan 13;: Authors: Ali M, Eiriksdottir A, Murtadha M, Åkesson A, Atroshi I

INTRODUCTION: We conducted an epidemiological study on residents of northeastern Skåne in southern Sweden (population 182,000) to determine the overall incidence of distal radius fracture and the incidence according to age, sex, and fracture characteristics in the region's adult population during 2016, and to study the change in incidence in the same general population between 2001 and 2016 using wrist radiographs to identify fracture cases. METHODS: Two orthopedic surgeons examined all wrist radiographs performed at the only two emergency hospitals in the study region to identify individuals, above 18 years of age, who sustained fracture of the distal radius during 2016. We used Poisson regression analysis adjusting for age, sex, and at-risk population to compare the incidence in 2016 with the incidence in 2001, previously estimated using similar methodology. RESULTS: The overall incidence in 2016 was 22 (95% CI 20-25) per 10,000; the incidence in women was 34 (95% CI 30-39) and in men was 10 (95% CI 8-12) per 10,000. The overall incidence in 2016 was 0.76 (95% CI 0.70-0.82) of the incidence in 2001 (p < 0.0001). The incidence in the 3 age groups 19-49, 50-79, and ≥ 80 years was 0.91 (95% CI, 0.69-1.20), 0.67 (95% CI, 0.55-0.82), and 0.49 (95% CI, 0.25-0.97) of the incidence in 2001, respectively. CONCLUSION: In a general population in Sweden, a statistically significant and clinically important decrease in the incidence of distal radius fracture occurred between 2001 and 2016, driven by lower incidence in individuals 50 years or older. PMID: 31930451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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