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Long-term persistence with denosumab: real-world data from the Austrian Osteoporosis Clinic (AOC). A retrospective data analysis

Osteoporos Int. 2021 Aug 25.doi: 10.1007/s00198-021-06102-2. 

Purpose: To assess long-term persistence with denosumab in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Secondary purposes were the evaluation of changes in efficacy and tolerance/safety parameters over time.

Methods: Persistence was determined by number and rate of patients receiving denosumab on time in 6-month intervals (+ / - 8 weeks). The total population was stratified by internal patients (injections and monitoring at the Austrian Osteoporosis Clinic [AOC], 74%) and external patients (injections at the practitioner's office with occasional monitoring at the AOC, 26%). In internal patients, efficacy parameters including bone mineral density (BMD) and the bone marker CTX were assessed at fixed time points and tolerance/safety parameters including side effects (SEs), adverse events (AEs), and serious AEs (SAEs) evaluated.

Results: Of 851 patients, 71% (73% internal and 64% external) were persistent at 7.5 years of follow-up. The mean rate of cumulative persistence in internal patients decreased from 94% at the time of the second dose to 73% at the time of the fifteenth dose. BMD increased and CTX decreased, overall and in pairwise comparisons (all p < .001). AEs and SAEs, but not SEs, were lower in persistent than non-persistent patients.

Conclusions: This is the first study showing that long-term (> 3 years) real-world persistence with denosumab could be maintained at a high level (> 70%) in most patients. Denosumab was well tolerated and associated with decreased CTX levels and increased BMD.

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