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Longitudinal assessment of health-related quality of life in osteoporosis: data from the population-based Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study.

Osteoporos Int. 2019 May 08;: Authors: Hopman WM, Berger C, Joseph L, Morin SN, Towheed T, Anastassiades T, Adachi JD, Hanley DA, Prior JC, Goltzman D, CaMos Research Group

INTRODUCTION: Fragility fractures have a detrimental effect on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of those with osteoporosis. Less is known about the association between HRQOL and osteoporosis in the absence of fracture. METHODS: Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study participants completed the SF-36, a detailed health questionnaire and measures of bone mineral density (BMD) at baseline and follow-up. We report the results of participants ≥ 50 years with 10-year follow-up. Self-reported osteoporosis at baseline and BMD-based osteoporosis at follow-up were ascertained. Multivariable linear regression models were developed for baseline SF-36 domains, component summaries, and change over time, adjusting for relevant baseline information. RESULTS: Baseline data were available for 5266 women and 2112 men. Women in the osteoporosis group had substantially lower SF-36 baseline scores, particularly in the physically oriented domains, than those without osteoporosis. A similar but attenuated pattern was evident for the men. After 10-year follow-up (2797 women and 1023 men), most domain scores dropped for women and men regardless of osteoporosis status, with the exception of mentally-oriented ones. In general, a fragility fracture was associated with lower SF-36 scores and larger declines over time. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence of substantially reduced HRQOL in women and men with self-reported and/or BMD-confirmed osteoporosis, even in the absence of fragility fracture. HRQOL should be thoroughly investigated even prior to fracture, to develop appropriate interventions for all stages of the disease. PMID: 31069440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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