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Opportunistic CT screening predicts individuals at risk of major osteoporotic fracture.

Osteoporos Int. 2021 Feb 10;: Authors: Michalski AS, Besler BA, Burt LA, Boyd SK

INTRODUCTION: Opportunistic computed tomography (oCT) screening for osteoporosis and fracture risk determination complements current dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) diagnosis. This study determined major osteoporotic fracture prediction by oCT at the spine and hip from abdominal CT scans. METHODS: Initial 1158 clinical abdominal CT scans were identified from administrative databases and were the basis to generate a cohort of 490 men and women with suitable abdominal CT scans. Participant CT scans met the following criteria: over 50 years of age, the scan had no image artifacts, and the field-of-view included the L4 vertebra and proximal femur. A total of 123 participants were identified as having previously suffered a fracture within 5 years of CT scan date. Fracture cause was identified from clinical data and used to create a low-energy fracture sub-cohort. At each skeletal site, bone mineral density (BMD) and finite element (FE)-estimated bone strength were determined. Logistic regression predicted fracture and receiver-operator characteristic curves analyzed prediction capabilities. RESULTS: In participants with a fracture, low-energy fractures occurred in 88% of women and 79% of men. Fracture prediction by combining both BMD and FE-estimated bone strength was not statistically different than using either BMD or FE-estimated bone strength alone. Predicting low-energy fractures in women determined the greatest AUC of 0.710 by using both BMD and FE-estimated bone strength. CONCLUSIONS: oCT screening using abdominal CT scans is effective at predicting individuals with previous fracture at major osteoporotic sites and offers a promising screening tool for skeletal health assessment. PMID: 33566138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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