Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome: clinical, genetic, and treatment-response study of 10 new cases in Greece.
Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Nov 29;: Authors: Papadopoulos I, Bountouvi E, Attilakos A, Gole E, Dinopoulos A, Peppa M, Nikolaidou P, Papadopoulou A
Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG) is a rare autosomal-recessive disorder, characterized by severe osteoporosis and early-onset blindness. Loss of function mutations in the gene encoding low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) have been established as the genetic defect of the disease. We report the clinical and genetic evaluation of ten OPPG cases in eight related nuclear families and their close relatives. Bone mineral density (BMD) in OPPG patients was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Genotyping of LRP5 gene and targeted detection of index mutation were performed by DNA direct sequencing. Four patients were introduced to bisphosphonates. Mutational screening of LRP5 gene revealed the c.2409_2503+79del deletion in homozygous state, expected to result in a truncated protein. Among 44 members of the pedigree, 10 (22%) were identified homozygous and 34 (59%) heterozygous for this mutation. All patients had congenital blindness and 7 of them had also impaired bone mineral density. Four of them received bisphosphonates and responded with decreased bone pain and improvement in BMD; however, 3 patients presented with one fracture during treatment.Conclusion: The current study presents the molecular and clinical profiles of 10 new OPPG cases, being part of an extended pedigree. Patients who received bisphosphonate treatment responded well with increase in their BMD, though fractures occurred during therapy. PMID: 30499050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]