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Patients' reasons for adhering to long-term alendronate therapy.

Osteoporos Int. 2019 May 14;: Authors: Pepe J, Cipriani C, Cecchetti V, Ferrara C, Della Grotta G, Danese V, Colangelo L, Minisola S

INTRODUCTION: Aim of this study was to investigate patients' reasons for adhering to long-term alendronate therapy (more than 5 years), as data is not available in the current literature regarding the reasons behind long-term adherence. METHODS: We studied 204 long-term adherent alendronate users: 65 postmenopausal outpatients still adherent (group C, years on treatment = 8.70 ± 1.31) were compared to 139 age-matched patients who discontinued therapy (group S, years on treatment = 8.64 ± 1.43). We evaluated main biochemical parameters, BMD values, fractures, and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). A questionnaire was administered to analyze the reasons for long-term adherence. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between groups concerning baseline DXA values, number of fractures, and CCI. A higher education level was observed in group C (C 54% vs S 35% of patients, p = 0.001). At the time of interview, there was a significantly higher number of patients with a CCI of two in group S compared to the beginning of treatment (56% vs 43%, p = 0.04), together with a higher number of patients taking more than 3 drugs (22% vs 11%, p = 0.01) compared to basal evaluation. Forty-seven percent of patients reported new diseases during the treatment as the main reason for stopping alendronate. A multivariate, stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that awareness of the disease was highly associated with adherence (OR = 0.20; 95% CI 0.045-0.93, p = 0.04) followed by higher education (OR = 0.526, 95% CI 0.345-0.801, p = 0.003). Worsening of CCI was associated with discontinuation (OR = 2.75, 95% CI 1.033-7.324, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Education and disease awareness are associated with long-term alendronate adherence while competing health problems negatively impact adherence. PMID: 31089764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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