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The role of the Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) in subsequent fracture prevention in the extreme elderly.

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2018 Oct 11;: Authors: Sanli I, van Helden SH, Ten Broeke RHM, Geusens P, Van den Bergh JPW, Brink PRG, Poeze M

BACKGROUND: Several guidelines recommend a bone and fall-related osteoporosis risk assessment in all patients with fracture and age > 50 years. In practice, however, there is no consensus whether screening > 85 years is useful. AIM: To evaluate the subsequent fracture risk in all patient > 85 years, comparing the two populations of Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) attenders and non-attenders. METHODS: All patients > 85 years that presented at the FLS with a non-vertebral fracture were included in the study during a 5-year period (September 2004 and December 2009). Excluded were pathologic fractures, death < 30 days, or patients on osteoporosis treatment. in patients that attended the FLS, assessment of bone mineral density and fall-risk factors were screened. In both the attenders and non-attenders groups, mortality and subsequent fracture rates were scored during a follow-up of 2 years. RESULTS: 282 patients fulfilled inclusion criteria for screening, of which 160 (57%) patients did not attend the FLS. 122 patients were screened for osteoporosis and fall-related risk of whom 72 were diagnosed with osteoporosis. Subsequent fracture risk in both groups was 19%. Medical treatment was started in 51 patients, of which 15 patients developed a subsequent fracture. Cox-regression analysis indicated a significantly lower mortality rate, but not a diminished subsequent fracture rate in the FLS screened population compared to the non-attenders. CONCLUSION: The advantage of a FLS in reducing subsequent fracture risk in patients > 85 years seems to be limited. In practice a large proportion of these patients are not screened. PMID: 30311093 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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