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Using opportunistic screening with abdominal CT to identify osteoporosis and osteopenia in patients with diabetes.

Osteoporos Int. 2020 Jul 05;: Authors: Jain RK, Lee E, Mathai C, Dako F, Gogineni P, Weiner MG, Vokes T

INTRODUCTION: Attenuation of the L1 vertebrae on computer tomography (CT) images done for other reasons ("Opportunistic Osteoporosis Screening") has been found to correlate well with DXA-derived T-score. However, the method and the thresholds have never been tested specifically in those with diabetes mellitus (DM), in whom the fracture risk is greater than explained by BMD. METHODS: In a retrospective study of subjects with DM who had both abdominal CT and DXA within 6 months of each other, we compared L1 attenuation and DXA T-score to define the sensitivity and specificity of thresholds previously established in the general population. RESULTS: There were 313 subjects among whom 18 (5.8%) had prior major osteoporotic fracture (MOF). Subjects with MOF had lower T-scores (- 2.3 ± 1.4 vs. - 0.9 ± 1.4, p < 0.001) and L1 attenuation (104 HU ± 46 vs. 149 HU ± 47, p < 0.001) than non-fracture subjects. L1 attenuation ≤ 160 HU was 91% sensitive for osteoporosis, while ≤ 110 HU was 80% specific. For a higher T-score of ≤ - 1.5, L1 attenuation ≤ 135 HU showed balanced sensitivity and specificity (65% and 69%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Opportunistic osteoporosis screening with abdominal CT is useful in determining the need for DXA screening in subjects with diabetes. We propose L1 attenuation ≤ 135 HU as a reasonable threshold for detecting the T-score of ≤ - 1.5, which is likely associated with increased fragility in DM. PMID: 32623489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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